Fujifilm FinePix S5000 Zoom vs. Fujifilm FinePix S5600 Zoom

Comparison

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FinePix S5000 Zoom image
vs
FinePix S5600 Zoom image
Fujifilm FinePix S5000 Zoom Fujifilm FinePix S5600 Zoom
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Megapixels
3.10
5.22
Max. image resolution
2816 x 2120
2592 x 1944

Sensor

Sensor type
CCD
CCD
Sensor size
1/2.7" (~ 5.33 x 4 mm)
1/2.5" (~ 5.75 x 4.32 mm)
Sensor resolution
2031 x 1527
2635 x 1981
Diagonal
6.66 mm
7.19 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
1 : 1.17
(ratio)
Fujifilm FinePix S5000 Zoom Fujifilm FinePix S5600 Zoom
Surface area:
21.32 mm² vs 24.84 mm²
Difference: 3.52 mm² (17%)
S5600 Zoom sensor is approx. 1.17x bigger than S5000 Zoom sensor.
Note: You are comparing cameras of different generations. There is a 2 year gap between Fujifilm S5000 Zoom (2003) and Fujifilm S5600 Zoom (2005). All things being equal, newer sensor generations generally outperform the older.
Pixel pitch
2.62 µm
2.18 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 0.44 µm (20%)
Pixel pitch of S5000 Zoom is approx. 20% higher than pixel pitch of S5600 Zoom.
Pixel area
6.86 µm²
4.75 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 2.11 µm² (44%)
A pixel on Fujifilm S5000 Zoom sensor is approx. 44% bigger than a pixel on Fujifilm S5600 Zoom.
Pixel density
14.52 MP/cm²
21 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 6.48 µm (45%)
Fujifilm S5600 Zoom has approx. 45% higher pixel density than Fujifilm S5000 Zoom.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Fujifilm S5000 Zoom
Fujifilm S5600 Zoom
Crop factor
6.5
6.02
Total megapixels
3.10
Effective megapixels
3.10
Optical zoom
10x
Yes
Digital zoom
Yes
Yes
ISO sensitivity
Auto, (160-200), 200, 400, 800 (1MP only)
Auto, 64, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
90 cm
90 cm
Macro focus range
10 cm
10 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
37 - 370 mm
38 - 380 mm
Aperture priority
Yes
Yes
Max. aperture
f2.8 - f8.0
f3.2 - f3.5
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f18.2 - f52
f19.3 - f21.1
Metering
Multi, Average, Spot
64-segment
Exposure compensation
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
Yes
Yes
Min. shutter speed
2 sec
15 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/2000 sec
1/2000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
Electronic
Electronic
White balance presets
7
6
Screen size
1.5"
1.8"
Screen resolution
114,000 dots
115,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
Storage types
xD Picture Card
xD Picture card
USB
USB 1.0
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
AA (4) batteries (NiMH recommended)
4x AA
Weight
430 g
370 g
Dimensions
113 x 81 x 79 mm
113 x 85 x 112 mm
Year
2003
2005




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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Fujifilm S5000 Zoom diagonal

The diagonal of S5000 Zoom sensor is not 1/2.7 or 0.37" (9.4 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 6.66 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 5.33 mm
h = 4.00 mm
Diagonal =  5.33² + 4.00²   = 6.66 mm

Fujifilm S5600 Zoom diagonal

The diagonal of S5600 Zoom sensor is not 1/2.5 or 0.4" (10.2 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.19 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 5.75 mm
h = 4.32 mm
Diagonal =  5.75² + 4.32²   = 7.19 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

S5000 Zoom sensor area

Width = 5.33 mm
Height = 4.00 mm

Surface area = 5.33 × 4.00 = 21.32 mm²

S5600 Zoom sensor area

Width = 5.75 mm
Height = 4.32 mm

Surface area = 5.75 × 4.32 = 24.84 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

S5000 Zoom pixel pitch

Sensor width = 5.33 mm
Sensor resolution width = 2031 pixels
Pixel pitch =   5.33  × 1000  = 2.62 µm
2031

S5600 Zoom pixel pitch

Sensor width = 5.75 mm
Sensor resolution width = 2635 pixels
Pixel pitch =   5.75  × 1000  = 2.18 µm
2635


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

S5000 Zoom pixel area

Pixel pitch = 2.62 µm

Pixel area = 2.62² = 6.86 µm²

S5600 Zoom pixel area

Pixel pitch = 2.18 µm

Pixel area = 2.18² = 4.75 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

S5000 Zoom pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 2031 pixels
Sensor width = 0.533 cm

Pixel density = (2031 / 0.533)² / 1000000 = 14.52 MP/cm²

S5600 Zoom pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 2635 pixels
Sensor width = 0.575 cm

Pixel density = (2635 / 0.575)² / 1000000 = 21 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

S5000 Zoom sensor resolution

Sensor width = 5.33 mm
Sensor height = 4.00 mm
Effective megapixels = 3.10
r = 5.33/4.00 = 1.33
X =  3.10 × 1000000  = 1527
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 1527 × 1.33 = 2031
Resolution vertical: X = 1527

Sensor resolution = 2031 x 1527

S5600 Zoom sensor resolution

Sensor width = 5.75 mm
Sensor height = 4.32 mm
Effective megapixels = 5.22
r = 5.75/4.32 = 1.33
X =  5.22 × 1000000  = 1981
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 1981 × 1.33 = 2635
Resolution vertical: X = 1981

Sensor resolution = 2635 x 1981


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


S5000 Zoom crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 6.66 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 6.5
6.66

S5600 Zoom crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.19 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 6.02
7.19

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

S5000 Zoom equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 6.5
Aperture = f2.8 - f8.0

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.8 - f8.0) × 6.5 = f18.2 - f52

S5600 Zoom equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 6.02
Aperture = f3.2 - f3.5

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f3.2 - f3.5) × 6.02 = f19.3 - f21.1

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