Fujifilm MX-1200 vs. Kodak DC3800

Comparison

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MX-1200 image
vs
DC3800 image
Fujifilm MX-1200 Kodak DC3800
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Megapixels
1.20
2.00
Max. image resolution
1280 x 960
1760 x 1168

Sensor

Sensor type
CCD
CCD
Sensor size
1/2" (~ 6.4 x 4.8 mm)
1/1.7" (~ 7.53 x 5.64 mm)
Sensor resolution
1264 x 950
1637 x 1222
Diagonal
8.00 mm
9.41 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
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1 : 1.38
(ratio)
Fujifilm MX-1200 Kodak DC3800
Surface area:
30.72 mm² vs 42.47 mm²
Difference: 11.75 mm² (38%)
DC3800 sensor is approx. 1.38x bigger than MX-1200 sensor.
Pixel pitch
5.06 µm
4.6 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 0.46 µm (10%)
Pixel pitch of MX-1200 is approx. 10% higher than pixel pitch of DC3800.
Pixel area
25.6 µm²
21.16 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 4.44 µm² (21%)
A pixel on Fujifilm MX-1200 sensor is approx. 21% bigger than a pixel on Kodak DC3800.
Pixel density
3.9 MP/cm²
4.73 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 0.83 µm (21%)
Kodak DC3800 has approx. 21% higher pixel density than Fujifilm MX-1200.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Fujifilm MX-1200
Kodak DC3800
Crop factor
5.41
4.6
Total megapixels
1.30
2.30
Effective megapixels
1.20
2.00
Optical zoom
1x
1x
Digital zoom
Yes
Yes
ISO sensitivity
100
100
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
70 cm
50 cm
Macro focus range
10 cm
20 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
38 mm
33 mm
Aperture priority
No
No
Max. aperture
f4.5 - f11.0
f2.8
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f24.3 - f59.5
f12.9
Metering
Multi, Average, Spot
Centre weighted
Exposure compensation
-0.9 - +1.5 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±2 EV (in 1/2 EV steps)
Shutter priority
No
No
Min. shutter speed
1/4 sec
1/2 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/750 sec
1/1000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
Optical (tunnel)
Optical (tunnel)
White balance presets
6
3
Screen size
1.6"
1.5"
Screen resolution
200,000 dots
72,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
Storage types
SmartMedia
CompactFlash type I
USB
USB 1.0
USB 1.0
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
AA NiMH (2) batteries (supplied)
AA (2) batteries (NiMH recommended)
Weight
240 g
205 g
Dimensions
110 x 77 x 33 mm
95 x 61 x 33 mm
Year
1999
2000




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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Fujifilm MX-1200 diagonal

The diagonal of MX-1200 sensor is not 1/2 or 0.5" (12.7 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 8 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.40 mm
h = 4.80 mm
Diagonal =  6.40² + 4.80²   = 8.00 mm

Kodak DC3800 diagonal

The diagonal of DC3800 sensor is not 1/1.7 or 0.59" (14.9 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 9.41 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 7.53 mm
h = 5.64 mm
Diagonal =  7.53² + 5.64²   = 9.41 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

MX-1200 sensor area

Width = 6.40 mm
Height = 4.80 mm

Surface area = 6.40 × 4.80 = 30.72 mm²

DC3800 sensor area

Width = 7.53 mm
Height = 5.64 mm

Surface area = 7.53 × 5.64 = 42.47 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

MX-1200 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.40 mm
Sensor resolution width = 1264 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.40  × 1000  = 5.06 µm
1264

DC3800 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 7.53 mm
Sensor resolution width = 1637 pixels
Pixel pitch =   7.53  × 1000  = 4.6 µm
1637


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

MX-1200 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 5.06 µm

Pixel area = 5.06² = 25.6 µm²

DC3800 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 4.6 µm

Pixel area = 4.6² = 21.16 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

MX-1200 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 1264 pixels
Sensor width = 0.64 cm

Pixel density = (1264 / 0.64)² / 1000000 = 3.9 MP/cm²

DC3800 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 1637 pixels
Sensor width = 0.753 cm

Pixel density = (1637 / 0.753)² / 1000000 = 4.73 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

MX-1200 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.40 mm
Sensor height = 4.80 mm
Effective megapixels = 1.20
r = 6.40/4.80 = 1.33
X =  1.20 × 1000000  = 950
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 950 × 1.33 = 1264
Resolution vertical: X = 950

Sensor resolution = 1264 x 950

DC3800 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 7.53 mm
Sensor height = 5.64 mm
Effective megapixels = 2.00
r = 7.53/5.64 = 1.34
X =  2.00 × 1000000  = 1222
1.34
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 1222 × 1.34 = 1637
Resolution vertical: X = 1222

Sensor resolution = 1637 x 1222


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


MX-1200 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 8.00 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.41
8.00

DC3800 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 9.41 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 4.6
9.41

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

MX-1200 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.41
Aperture = f4.5 - f11.0

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f4.5 - f11.0) × 5.41 = f24.3 - f59.5

DC3800 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 4.6
Aperture = f2.8

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.8) × 4.6 = f12.9

More comparisons of Fujifilm MX-1200:

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