Fujifilm MX-700 vs. Nikon Coolpix S9

Comparison

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MX-700 image
vs
Coolpix S9 image
Fujifilm MX-700 Nikon Coolpix S9
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Megapixels
1.30
6.00
Max. image resolution
1280 x 1024
2816 x 2112

Sensor

Sensor type
CCD
CCD
Sensor size
1/2" (~ 6.4 x 4.8 mm)
1/2.5" (~ 5.75 x 4.32 mm)
Sensor resolution
1315 x 989
2825 x 2124
Diagonal
8.00 mm
7.19 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
1.24 : 1
(ratio)
Fujifilm MX-700 Nikon Coolpix S9
Surface area:
30.72 mm² vs 24.84 mm²
Difference: 5.88 mm² (24%)
MX-700 sensor is approx. 1.24x bigger than S9 sensor.
Note: You are comparing sensors of very different generations. There is a gap of 8 years between Fujifilm MX-700 (1998) and Nikon S9 (2006). Eight years is a lot of time in terms of technology, meaning newer sensors are overall much more efficient than the older ones.
Pixel pitch
4.87 µm
2.04 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 2.83 µm (139%)
Pixel pitch of MX-700 is approx. 139% higher than pixel pitch of S9.
Pixel area
23.72 µm²
4.16 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 19.56 µm² (470%)
A pixel on Fujifilm MX-700 sensor is approx. 470% bigger than a pixel on Nikon S9.
Pixel density
4.22 MP/cm²
24.14 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 19.92 µm (472%)
Nikon S9 has approx. 472% higher pixel density than Fujifilm MX-700.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Fujifilm MX-700
Nikon S9
Crop factor
5.41
6.02
Total megapixels
1.50
6.20
Effective megapixels
1.30
6.00
Optical zoom
1x
3x
Digital zoom
Yes
Yes
ISO sensitivity
100
Auto, 50, 100, 200, 400
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
50 cm
25 cm
Macro focus range
9 cm
4 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
35 mm
38 - 114 mm
Aperture priority
No
No
Max. aperture
f3.2 - f8.0
f3.5 - f4.3
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f17.3 - f43.3
f21.1 - f25.9
Metering
Multi, Average, Spot
Centre weighted
Exposure compensation
±1.5 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
No
No
Min. shutter speed
1/4 sec
2 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/1000 sec
1/1500 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
Optical (tunnel)
None
White balance presets
4
6
Screen size
2"
2.5"
Screen resolution
130,000 dots
153,600 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
Storage types
SmartMedia
Secure Digital
USB
USB 1.0
USB 1.0
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
Lithium-Ion (NP-100)
Nikon EN-EL8 Lithium-Ion
Weight
260 g
115 g
Dimensions
80 x 101 x 33 mm
90.5 x 58.0 x 20.4 mm
Year
1998
2006




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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Fujifilm MX-700 diagonal

The diagonal of MX-700 sensor is not 1/2 or 0.5" (12.7 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 8 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.40 mm
h = 4.80 mm
Diagonal =  6.40² + 4.80²   = 8.00 mm

Nikon S9 diagonal

The diagonal of S9 sensor is not 1/2.5 or 0.4" (10.2 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.19 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 5.75 mm
h = 4.32 mm
Diagonal =  5.75² + 4.32²   = 7.19 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

MX-700 sensor area

Width = 6.40 mm
Height = 4.80 mm

Surface area = 6.40 × 4.80 = 30.72 mm²

S9 sensor area

Width = 5.75 mm
Height = 4.32 mm

Surface area = 5.75 × 4.32 = 24.84 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

MX-700 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.40 mm
Sensor resolution width = 1315 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.40  × 1000  = 4.87 µm
1315

S9 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 5.75 mm
Sensor resolution width = 2825 pixels
Pixel pitch =   5.75  × 1000  = 2.04 µm
2825


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

MX-700 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 4.87 µm

Pixel area = 4.87² = 23.72 µm²

S9 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 2.04 µm

Pixel area = 2.04² = 4.16 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

MX-700 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 1315 pixels
Sensor width = 0.64 cm

Pixel density = (1315 / 0.64)² / 1000000 = 4.22 MP/cm²

S9 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 2825 pixels
Sensor width = 0.575 cm

Pixel density = (2825 / 0.575)² / 1000000 = 24.14 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

MX-700 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.40 mm
Sensor height = 4.80 mm
Effective megapixels = 1.30
r = 6.40/4.80 = 1.33
X =  1.30 × 1000000  = 989
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 989 × 1.33 = 1315
Resolution vertical: X = 989

Sensor resolution = 1315 x 989

S9 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 5.75 mm
Sensor height = 4.32 mm
Effective megapixels = 6.00
r = 5.75/4.32 = 1.33
X =  6.00 × 1000000  = 2124
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 2124 × 1.33 = 2825
Resolution vertical: X = 2124

Sensor resolution = 2825 x 2124


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


MX-700 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 8.00 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.41
8.00

S9 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.19 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 6.02
7.19

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

MX-700 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.41
Aperture = f3.2 - f8.0

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f3.2 - f8.0) × 5.41 = f17.3 - f43.3

S9 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 6.02
Aperture = f3.5 - f4.3

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f3.5 - f4.3) × 6.02 = f21.1 - f25.9

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