Fujifilm X100F vs. Leica Q (Typ 116)

Comparison

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X100F image
vs
Q (Typ 116) image
Fujifilm X100F Leica Q (Typ 116)
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Megapixels
24.30
24.20
Max. image resolution
6000 x 4000
6000 x 4000

Sensor

Sensor type
CMOS
CMOS
Sensor size
23.6 x 15.6 mm
36 x 24 mm
Sensor resolution
6058 x 4012
6026 x 4017
Diagonal
28.29 mm
43.27 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
1 : 2.35
(ratio)
Fujifilm X100F Leica Q (Typ 116)
Surface area:
368.16 mm² vs 864.00 mm²
Difference: 495.84 mm² (135%)
Q (Typ 116) sensor is approx. 2.35x bigger than X100F sensor.
Note: You are comparing cameras of different generations. There is a 2 year gap between Fujifilm X100F (2017) and Leica Q (Typ 116) (2015). All things being equal, newer sensor generations generally outperform the older.
Pixel pitch
3.9 µm
5.97 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 2.07 µm (53%)
Pixel pitch of Q (Typ 116) is approx. 53% higher than pixel pitch of X100F.
Pixel area
15.21 µm²
35.64 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 20.43 µm² (134%)
A pixel on Leica Q (Typ 116) sensor is approx. 134% bigger than a pixel on Fujifilm X100F.
Pixel density
6.59 MP/cm²
2.8 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 3.79 µm (135%)
Fujifilm X100F has approx. 135% higher pixel density than Leica Q (Typ 116).
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Fujifilm X100F
Leica Q (Typ 116)
Crop factor
1.53
1
Total megapixels
26.30
Effective megapixels
24.30
24.20
Optical zoom
1x
1x
Digital zoom
Yes
Yes
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 200-12800 (extends to 100-51200)
Auto, 100-50000
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
80 cm
30 cm
Macro focus range
10 cm
17 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
35 mm
28 mm
Aperture priority
Yes
Yes
Max. aperture
f2.0
f1.7
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f3.1
f1.7
Metering
Multi, Center-weighted, Average, Spot
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Exposure compensation
±5 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±3 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
Yes
Yes
Min. shutter speed
30 sec
30 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/32000 sec
1/16000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
Electronic and Optical (tunnel)
Electronic
White balance presets
7
5
Screen size
3"
3"
Screen resolution
1,036,800 dots
1,040,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
1920x1080 (60p/50p/30p/25p/24p)
1920x1080 (60p/30p)
Storage types
SD/SDHC/SDXC
SD/SDHC/SDXC
USB
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
NP-W126S Li-ion battery
BP-DC12 lithium ion battery
Weight
469 g
640 g
Dimensions
126.5 x 74.8 x 52.4 mm
130 x 80 x 93 mm
Year
2017
2015




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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Fujifilm X100F diagonal

w = 23.60 mm
h = 15.60 mm
Diagonal =  23.60² + 15.60²   = 28.29 mm

Leica Q (Typ 116) diagonal

w = 36.00 mm
h = 24.00 mm
Diagonal =  36.00² + 24.00²   = 43.27 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

X100F sensor area

Width = 23.60 mm
Height = 15.60 mm

Surface area = 23.60 × 15.60 = 368.16 mm²

Q (Typ 116) sensor area

Width = 36.00 mm
Height = 24.00 mm

Surface area = 36.00 × 24.00 = 864.00 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

X100F pixel pitch

Sensor width = 23.60 mm
Sensor resolution width = 6058 pixels
Pixel pitch =   23.60  × 1000  = 3.9 µm
6058

Q (Typ 116) pixel pitch

Sensor width = 36.00 mm
Sensor resolution width = 6026 pixels
Pixel pitch =   36.00  × 1000  = 5.97 µm
6026


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

X100F pixel area

Pixel pitch = 3.9 µm

Pixel area = 3.9² = 15.21 µm²

Q (Typ 116) pixel area

Pixel pitch = 5.97 µm

Pixel area = 5.97² = 35.64 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

X100F pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 6058 pixels
Sensor width = 2.36 cm

Pixel density = (6058 / 2.36)² / 1000000 = 6.59 MP/cm²

Q (Typ 116) pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 6026 pixels
Sensor width = 3.6 cm

Pixel density = (6026 / 3.6)² / 1000000 = 2.8 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

X100F sensor resolution

Sensor width = 23.60 mm
Sensor height = 15.60 mm
Effective megapixels = 24.30
r = 23.60/15.60 = 1.51
X =  24.30 × 1000000  = 4012
1.51
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 4012 × 1.51 = 6058
Resolution vertical: X = 4012

Sensor resolution = 6058 x 4012

Q (Typ 116) sensor resolution

Sensor width = 36.00 mm
Sensor height = 24.00 mm
Effective megapixels = 24.20
r = 36.00/24.00 = 1.5
X =  24.20 × 1000000  = 4017
1.5
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 4017 × 1.5 = 6026
Resolution vertical: X = 4017

Sensor resolution = 6026 x 4017


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


X100F crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 28.29 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1.53
28.29

Q (Typ 116) crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 43.27 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1
43.27

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

X100F equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 1.53
Aperture = f2.0

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.0) × 1.53 = f3.1

Q (Typ 116) equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 1
Aperture = f1.7

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f1.7) × 1 = f1.7

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