Konica-Minolta DiMAGE Z20 vs. Konica-Minolta DiMAGE Z5

Comparison

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DiMAGE Z20 image
vs
DiMAGE Z5 image
Konica-Minolta DiMAGE Z20 Konica-Minolta DiMAGE Z5
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Megapixels
5.00
5.00
Max. image resolution
2560 x 1920
2560 x 1920

Sensor

Sensor type
CCD
CCD
Sensor size
1/2.5" (~ 5.75 x 4.32 mm)
1/2.5" (~ 5.75 x 4.32 mm)
Sensor resolution
2579 x 1939
2579 x 1939
Diagonal
7.19 mm
7.19 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
1 : 1
(ratio)
Konica-Minolta DiMAGE Z20 Konica-Minolta DiMAGE Z5
Surface area:
24.84 mm² vs 24.84 mm²
Difference: 0 mm² (0%)
DiMAGE Z20 and DiMAGE Z5 sensors are the same size.
Pixel pitch
2.23 µm
2.23 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 0 µm (0%)
DiMAGE Z20 and DiMAGE Z5 have the same pixel pitch.
Pixel area
4.97 µm²
4.97 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 0 µm² (0%)
Konica-Minolta DiMAGE Z20 and Konica-Minolta DiMAGE Z5 have the same pixel area.
Pixel density
20.12 MP/cm²
20.12 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 0 µm (0%)
Konica-Minolta DiMAGE Z20 and Konica-Minolta DiMAGE Z5 have the same pixel density.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Konica-Minolta DiMAGE Z20
Konica-Minolta DiMAGE Z5
Crop factor
6.02
6.02
Total megapixels
Effective megapixels
Optical zoom
8.1x
12x
Digital zoom
Yes
Yes
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 50, 100, 200, 320
Auto, 50, 100, 200, 320
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
50 cm
60 cm
Macro focus range
1 cm
1 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
36 - 290 mm
35 - 420 mm
Aperture priority
Yes
Yes
Max. aperture
f3.2 - f3.4
f2.8 - f4.5
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f19.3 - f20.5
f16.9 - f27.1
Metering
Centre weighted, Multi-segment, Spot
Centre weighted, Multi-segment, Spot
Exposure compensation
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
Yes
Yes
Min. shutter speed
4 sec
4 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/2000 sec
1/1000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
Electronic
Electronic
White balance presets
6
6
Screen size
1.5"
2"
Screen resolution
113,000 dots
114,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
Storage types
MultiMedia, Secure Digital
MultiMedia, Secure Digital
USB
USB 1.0
USB 1.0
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
AA (4) batteries (NiMH recommended)
AA (4) batteries (NiMH recommended)
Weight
300 g
340 g
Dimensions
109 x 82 x 94 mm
108.5 x 80 x 84 mm
Year
2005
2005




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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Konica-Minolta DiMAGE Z20 diagonal

The diagonal of DiMAGE Z20 sensor is not 1/2.5 or 0.4" (10.2 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.19 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 5.75 mm
h = 4.32 mm
Diagonal =  5.75² + 4.32²   = 7.19 mm

Konica-Minolta DiMAGE Z5 diagonal

The diagonal of DiMAGE Z5 sensor is not 1/2.5 or 0.4" (10.2 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.19 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 5.75 mm
h = 4.32 mm
Diagonal =  5.75² + 4.32²   = 7.19 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

DiMAGE Z20 sensor area

Width = 5.75 mm
Height = 4.32 mm

Surface area = 5.75 × 4.32 = 24.84 mm²

DiMAGE Z5 sensor area

Width = 5.75 mm
Height = 4.32 mm

Surface area = 5.75 × 4.32 = 24.84 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

DiMAGE Z20 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 5.75 mm
Sensor resolution width = 2579 pixels
Pixel pitch =   5.75  × 1000  = 2.23 µm
2579

DiMAGE Z5 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 5.75 mm
Sensor resolution width = 2579 pixels
Pixel pitch =   5.75  × 1000  = 2.23 µm
2579


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

DiMAGE Z20 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 2.23 µm

Pixel area = 2.23² = 4.97 µm²

DiMAGE Z5 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 2.23 µm

Pixel area = 2.23² = 4.97 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

DiMAGE Z20 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 2579 pixels
Sensor width = 0.575 cm

Pixel density = (2579 / 0.575)² / 1000000 = 20.12 MP/cm²

DiMAGE Z5 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 2579 pixels
Sensor width = 0.575 cm

Pixel density = (2579 / 0.575)² / 1000000 = 20.12 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

DiMAGE Z20 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 5.75 mm
Sensor height = 4.32 mm
Effective megapixels = 5.00
r = 5.75/4.32 = 1.33
X =  5.00 × 1000000  = 1939
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 1939 × 1.33 = 2579
Resolution vertical: X = 1939

Sensor resolution = 2579 x 1939

DiMAGE Z5 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 5.75 mm
Sensor height = 4.32 mm
Effective megapixels = 5.00
r = 5.75/4.32 = 1.33
X =  5.00 × 1000000  = 1939
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 1939 × 1.33 = 2579
Resolution vertical: X = 1939

Sensor resolution = 2579 x 1939


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


DiMAGE Z20 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.19 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 6.02
7.19

DiMAGE Z5 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.19 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 6.02
7.19

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

DiMAGE Z20 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 6.02
Aperture = f3.2 - f3.4

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f3.2 - f3.4) × 6.02 = f19.3 - f20.5

DiMAGE Z5 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 6.02
Aperture = f2.8 - f4.5

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.8 - f4.5) × 6.02 = f16.9 - f27.1

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