Nikon Coolpix 3700 vs. Samsung WB35F

Comparison

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Coolpix 3700 image
vs
WB35F image
Nikon Coolpix 3700 Samsung WB35F
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Megapixels
3.10
16.20
Max. image resolution
2048 x 1536
4608 x 3456

Sensor

Sensor type
CCD
CCD
Sensor size
1/2.7" (~ 5.33 x 4 mm)
1/2.3" (~ 6.16 x 4.62 mm)
Sensor resolution
2031 x 1527
4642 x 3490
Diagonal
6.66 mm
7.70 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
1 : 1.33
(ratio)
Nikon Coolpix 3700 Samsung WB35F
Surface area:
21.32 mm² vs 28.46 mm²
Difference: 7.14 mm² (33%)
WB35F sensor is approx. 1.33x bigger than 3700 sensor.
Note: You are comparing sensors of vastly different generations. There is a gap of 11 years between Nikon 3700 (2003) and Samsung WB35F (2014). Eleven years is a huge amount of time, technology wise, resulting in newer sensor being much more efficient than the older one.
Pixel pitch
2.62 µm
1.33 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 1.29 µm (97%)
Pixel pitch of 3700 is approx. 97% higher than pixel pitch of WB35F.
Pixel area
6.86 µm²
1.77 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 5.09 µm² (288%)
A pixel on Nikon 3700 sensor is approx. 288% bigger than a pixel on Samsung WB35F.
Pixel density
14.52 MP/cm²
56.79 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 42.27 µm (291%)
Samsung WB35F has approx. 291% higher pixel density than Nikon 3700.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Nikon 3700
Samsung WB35F
Crop factor
6.5
5.62
Total megapixels
3.30
16.60
Effective megapixels
3.10
16.20
Optical zoom
3x
12x
Digital zoom
Yes
Yes
ISO sensitivity
Auto, (50 - 200)
Auto, 80, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600, 3200
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
30 cm
80 cm
Macro focus range
3 cm
5 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
35 - 105 mm
24 - 288 mm
Aperture priority
No
No
Max. aperture
f2.8 - f4.9
f3.1 - f6.3
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f18.2 - f31.9
f17.4 - f35.4
Metering
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Exposure compensation
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
No
No
Min. shutter speed
4 sec
8 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/3000 sec
1/2000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
Optical (tunnel)
None
White balance presets
5
5
Screen size
1.5"
3"
Screen resolution
134,000 dots
230,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
1280x720 (30p)
Storage types
SD card
microSD/microSDHC/microSDXC
USB
USB 1.0
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
Nikon EN-EL5 Lithium-Ion
BP70A
Weight
162 g
195 g
Dimensions
96 x 50 x 31 mm
100.8 x 61 x 27.4 mm
Year
2003
2014




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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Nikon 3700 diagonal

The diagonal of 3700 sensor is not 1/2.7 or 0.37" (9.4 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 6.66 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 5.33 mm
h = 4.00 mm
Diagonal =  5.33² + 4.00²   = 6.66 mm

Samsung WB35F diagonal

The diagonal of WB35F sensor is not 1/2.3 or 0.43" (11 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.7 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.16 mm
h = 4.62 mm
Diagonal =  6.16² + 4.62²   = 7.70 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

3700 sensor area

Width = 5.33 mm
Height = 4.00 mm

Surface area = 5.33 × 4.00 = 21.32 mm²

WB35F sensor area

Width = 6.16 mm
Height = 4.62 mm

Surface area = 6.16 × 4.62 = 28.46 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

3700 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 5.33 mm
Sensor resolution width = 2031 pixels
Pixel pitch =   5.33  × 1000  = 2.62 µm
2031

WB35F pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor resolution width = 4642 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.16  × 1000  = 1.33 µm
4642


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

3700 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 2.62 µm

Pixel area = 2.62² = 6.86 µm²

WB35F pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.33 µm

Pixel area = 1.33² = 1.77 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

3700 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 2031 pixels
Sensor width = 0.533 cm

Pixel density = (2031 / 0.533)² / 1000000 = 14.52 MP/cm²

WB35F pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 4642 pixels
Sensor width = 0.616 cm

Pixel density = (4642 / 0.616)² / 1000000 = 56.79 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

3700 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 5.33 mm
Sensor height = 4.00 mm
Effective megapixels = 3.10
r = 5.33/4.00 = 1.33
X =  3.10 × 1000000  = 1527
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 1527 × 1.33 = 2031
Resolution vertical: X = 1527

Sensor resolution = 2031 x 1527

WB35F sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor height = 4.62 mm
Effective megapixels = 16.20
r = 6.16/4.62 = 1.33
X =  16.20 × 1000000  = 3490
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3490 × 1.33 = 4642
Resolution vertical: X = 3490

Sensor resolution = 4642 x 3490


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


3700 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 6.66 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 6.5
6.66

WB35F crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.70 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.62
7.70

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

3700 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 6.5
Aperture = f2.8 - f4.9

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.8 - f4.9) × 6.5 = f18.2 - f31.9

WB35F equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.62
Aperture = f3.1 - f6.3

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f3.1 - f6.3) × 5.62 = f17.4 - f35.4

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