Panasonic Lumix DMC-FS6 vs. Fujifilm FinePix F550 EXR

Comparison

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Lumix DMC-FS6 image
vs
FinePix F550 EXR image
Panasonic Lumix DMC-FS6 Fujifilm FinePix F550 EXR
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Megapixels
8.10
16.00
Max. image resolution
3264 x 2448
4608 x 3456

Sensor

Sensor type
CCD
CMOS
Sensor size
1/2.5" (~ 5.75 x 4.32 mm)
1/2" (~ 6.4 x 4.8 mm)
Sensor resolution
3282 x 2468
4612 x 3468
Diagonal
7.19 mm
8.00 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
1 : 1.24
(ratio)
Panasonic Lumix DMC-FS6 Fujifilm FinePix F550 EXR
Surface area:
24.84 mm² vs 30.72 mm²
Difference: 5.88 mm² (24%)
F550 EXR sensor is approx. 1.24x bigger than FS6 sensor.
Note: You are comparing cameras of different generations. There is a 2 year gap between Panasonic FS6 (2009) and Fujifilm F550 EXR (2011). All things being equal, newer sensor generations generally outperform the older.
Pixel pitch
1.75 µm
1.39 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 0.36 µm (26%)
Pixel pitch of FS6 is approx. 26% higher than pixel pitch of F550 EXR.
Pixel area
3.06 µm²
1.93 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 1.13 µm² (59%)
A pixel on Panasonic FS6 sensor is approx. 59% bigger than a pixel on Fujifilm F550 EXR.
Pixel density
32.58 MP/cm²
51.93 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 19.35 µm (59%)
Fujifilm F550 EXR has approx. 59% higher pixel density than Panasonic FS6.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Panasonic FS6
Fujifilm F550 EXR
Crop factor
6.02
5.41
Total megapixels
8.30
Effective megapixels
8.10
16.00
Optical zoom
4x
15x
Digital zoom
Yes
Yes
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 80, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600 - 6400
Auto, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600, 3200, 6400, 12800
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
50 cm
45 cm
Macro focus range
5 cm
2 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
33 - 132 mm
24 - 360 mm
Aperture priority
No
Yes
Max. aperture
f2.8 - f5.9
f3.5 - f3.0
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f16.9 - f35.5
f18.9 - f16.2
Metering
Intelligent Multiple
Multi-segment, Spot, TTL 256-zones metering
Exposure compensation
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
No
Yes
Min. shutter speed
60 sec
8 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/2000 sec
1/2000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
None
None
White balance presets
6
5
Screen size
2.5"
3"
Screen resolution
230,000 dots
460,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
Storage types
SDHC, Secure Digital
SDHC, SDXC, Secure Digital
USB
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
ID-Security Li-ion Battery Pack
Lithium-Ion NP-50 rechargeable battery
Weight
115 g
195 g
Dimensions
97 x 54.4 x 21.2 mm
103.5 x 62.5 x 32.6 mm
Year
2009
2011




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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Panasonic FS6 diagonal

The diagonal of FS6 sensor is not 1/2.5 or 0.4" (10.2 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.19 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 5.75 mm
h = 4.32 mm
Diagonal =  5.75² + 4.32²   = 7.19 mm

Fujifilm F550 EXR diagonal

The diagonal of F550 EXR sensor is not 1/2 or 0.5" (12.7 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 8 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.40 mm
h = 4.80 mm
Diagonal =  6.40² + 4.80²   = 8.00 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

FS6 sensor area

Width = 5.75 mm
Height = 4.32 mm

Surface area = 5.75 × 4.32 = 24.84 mm²

F550 EXR sensor area

Width = 6.40 mm
Height = 4.80 mm

Surface area = 6.40 × 4.80 = 30.72 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

FS6 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 5.75 mm
Sensor resolution width = 3282 pixels
Pixel pitch =   5.75  × 1000  = 1.75 µm
3282

F550 EXR pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.40 mm
Sensor resolution width = 4612 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.40  × 1000  = 1.39 µm
4612


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

FS6 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.75 µm

Pixel area = 1.75² = 3.06 µm²

F550 EXR pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.39 µm

Pixel area = 1.39² = 1.93 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

FS6 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 3282 pixels
Sensor width = 0.575 cm

Pixel density = (3282 / 0.575)² / 1000000 = 32.58 MP/cm²

F550 EXR pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 4612 pixels
Sensor width = 0.64 cm

Pixel density = (4612 / 0.64)² / 1000000 = 51.93 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

FS6 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 5.75 mm
Sensor height = 4.32 mm
Effective megapixels = 8.10
r = 5.75/4.32 = 1.33
X =  8.10 × 1000000  = 2468
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 2468 × 1.33 = 3282
Resolution vertical: X = 2468

Sensor resolution = 3282 x 2468

F550 EXR sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.40 mm
Sensor height = 4.80 mm
Effective megapixels = 16.00
r = 6.40/4.80 = 1.33
X =  16.00 × 1000000  = 3468
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3468 × 1.33 = 4612
Resolution vertical: X = 3468

Sensor resolution = 4612 x 3468


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


FS6 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.19 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 6.02
7.19

F550 EXR crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 8.00 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.41
8.00

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

FS6 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 6.02
Aperture = f2.8 - f5.9

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.8 - f5.9) × 6.02 = f16.9 - f35.5

F550 EXR equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.41
Aperture = f3.5 - f3.0

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f3.5 - f3.0) × 5.41 = f18.9 - f16.2

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