Panasonic Lumix DMC-LX15 vs. Sony Cyber-shot DSC-HX90V

Comparison

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Lumix DMC-LX15 image
vs
Cyber-shot DSC-HX90V image
Panasonic Lumix DMC-LX15 Sony Cyber-shot DSC-HX90V
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Megapixels
20.10
18.20
Max. image resolution
5472 x 3648
4896 x 3672

Sensor

Sensor type
CMOS
CMOS
Sensor size
13.2 x 8.8 mm
1/2.3" (~ 6.16 x 4.62 mm)
Sensor resolution
5492 x 3661
4920 x 3699
Diagonal
15.86 mm
7.70 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
4.08 : 1
(ratio)
Panasonic Lumix DMC-LX15 Sony Cyber-shot DSC-HX90V
Surface area:
116.16 mm² vs 28.46 mm²
Difference: 87.7 mm² (308%)
LX15 sensor is approx. 4.08x bigger than HX90V sensor.
Pixel pitch
2.4 µm
1.25 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 1.15 µm (92%)
Pixel pitch of LX15 is approx. 92% higher than pixel pitch of HX90V.
Pixel area
5.76 µm²
1.56 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 4.2 µm² (269%)
A pixel on Panasonic LX15 sensor is approx. 269% bigger than a pixel on Sony HX90V.
Pixel density
17.31 MP/cm²
63.79 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 46.48 µm (269%)
Sony HX90V has approx. 269% higher pixel density than Panasonic LX15.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.

Specs

Panasonic LX15
Sony HX90V
Crop factor
2.73
5.62
Total megapixels
20.90
Effective megapixels
20.10
18.20
Optical zoom
3x
30x
Digital zoom
Yes
Yes
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 125-12800 (extends to 80-25600)
Auto, 80 - 12800
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
30 cm
5 cm
Macro focus range
3 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
24 - 72 mm
24 - 720 mm
Aperture priority
Yes
Yes
Max. aperture
f1.4 - f2.8
f3.5 - f6.4
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f3.8 - f7.6
f19.7 - f36
Metering
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Exposure compensation
±5 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±3 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
Yes
Yes
Min. shutter speed
60 sec
30 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/4000 sec
1/2000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
None
Electronic
White balance presets
5
8
Screen size
3"
3"
Screen resolution
1,040,000 dots
921,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
3840x2160 (30p/24p)
1920x1080 (60p/60i/30p/24p)
Storage types
SD/SDHC/SDXC
SD/SDHC/SDXC/Memory Stick Duo
USB
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
Lithium-ion battery
Rechargeable Battery Pack NP-BX1
Weight
310 g
245 g
Dimensions
105.5 x 60 x 42 mm
102 x 58.1 x 35.4 mm
Year
2016
2015



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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Panasonic LX15 diagonal

w = 13.20 mm
h = 8.80 mm
Diagonal =  13.20² + 8.80²   = 15.86 mm

Sony HX90V diagonal

The diagonal of HX90V sensor is not 1/2.3 or 0.43" (11 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.7 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.16 mm
h = 4.62 mm
Diagonal =  6.16² + 4.62²   = 7.70 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

LX15 sensor area

Width = 13.20 mm
Height = 8.80 mm

Surface area = 13.20 × 8.80 = 116.16 mm²

HX90V sensor area

Width = 6.16 mm
Height = 4.62 mm

Surface area = 6.16 × 4.62 = 28.46 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

LX15 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 13.20 mm
Sensor resolution width = 5492 pixels
Pixel pitch =   13.20  × 1000  = 2.4 µm
5492

HX90V pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor resolution width = 4920 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.16  × 1000  = 1.25 µm
4920


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

LX15 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 2.4 µm

Pixel area = 2.4² = 5.76 µm²

HX90V pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.25 µm

Pixel area = 1.25² = 1.56 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

LX15 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 5492 pixels
Sensor width = 1.32 cm

Pixel density = (5492 / 1.32)² / 1000000 = 17.31 MP/cm²

HX90V pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 4920 pixels
Sensor width = 0.616 cm

Pixel density = (4920 / 0.616)² / 1000000 = 63.79 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

LX15 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 13.20 mm
Sensor height = 8.80 mm
Effective megapixels = 20.10
r = 13.20/8.80 = 1.5
X =  20.10 × 1000000  = 3661
1.5
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3661 × 1.5 = 5492
Resolution vertical: X = 3661

Sensor resolution = 5492 x 3661

HX90V sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor height = 4.62 mm
Effective megapixels = 18.20
r = 6.16/4.62 = 1.33
X =  18.20 × 1000000  = 3699
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3699 × 1.33 = 4920
Resolution vertical: X = 3699

Sensor resolution = 4920 x 3699


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


LX15 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 15.86 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 2.73
15.86

HX90V crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.70 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.62
7.70

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

LX15 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 2.73
Aperture = f1.4 - f2.8

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f1.4 - f2.8) × 2.73 = f3.8 - f7.6

HX90V equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.62
Aperture = f3.5 - f6.4

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f3.5 - f6.4) × 5.62 = f19.7 - f36

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