Panasonic Lumix DMC-LZ10 vs. Panasonic Lumix DMC-LZ1

Comparison

change cameras »
Lumix DMC-LZ10 image
vs
Lumix DMC-LZ1 image
Panasonic Lumix DMC-LZ10 Panasonic Lumix DMC-LZ1
check price » check price »
Megapixels
10.10
4.00
Max. image resolution
3648 x 2736
2304 x 1728

Sensor

Sensor type
CCD
CCD
Sensor size
1/2.33" (~ 6.08 x 4.56 mm)
1/2.5" (~ 5.75 x 4.32 mm)
Sensor resolution
3665 x 2756
2306 x 1734
Diagonal
7.60 mm
7.19 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
1.12 : 1
(ratio)
Panasonic Lumix DMC-LZ10 Panasonic Lumix DMC-LZ1
Surface area:
27.72 mm² vs 24.84 mm²
Difference: 2.88 mm² (12%)
LZ10 sensor is approx. 1.12x bigger than LZ1 sensor.
Note: You are comparing cameras of different generations. There is a 3 year gap between Panasonic LZ10 (2008) and Panasonic LZ1 (2005). All things being equal, newer sensor generations generally outperform the older.
Pixel pitch
1.66 µm
2.49 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 0.83 µm (50%)
Pixel pitch of LZ1 is approx. 50% higher than pixel pitch of LZ10.
Pixel area
2.76 µm²
6.2 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 3.44 µm² (125%)
A pixel on Panasonic LZ1 sensor is approx. 125% bigger than a pixel on Panasonic LZ10.
Pixel density
36.34 MP/cm²
16.08 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 20.26 µm (126%)
Panasonic LZ10 has approx. 126% higher pixel density than Panasonic LZ1.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Panasonic LZ10
Panasonic LZ1
Crop factor
5.69
6.02
Total megapixels
10.70
4.20
Effective megapixels
10.10
4.00
Optical zoom
5x
6x
Digital zoom
Yes
Yes
ISO sensitivity
Auto, Hi Auto, (1600-6400), 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600
Auto, 64, 100, 200, 400
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
50 cm
50 cm
Macro focus range
5 cm
5 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
30 - 150 mm
37 - 222 mm
Aperture priority
Yes
No
Max. aperture
f3.3 - f5.9
f2.8 - f4.5
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f18.8 - f33.6
f16.9 - f27.1
Metering
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Matrix
Exposure compensation
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
Yes
No
Min. shutter speed
60 sec
8 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/2000 sec
1/2000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
None
None
White balance presets
4
6
Screen size
2.5"
2"
Screen resolution
230,000 dots
85,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
Storage types
SD/MMC/SDHC card, Internal
MultiMedia, Secure Digital
USB
USB 1.1
USB 1.0
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
AA (2) NiMH batteries
AA (2) batteries (NiMH recommended)
Weight
191 g
224 g
Dimensions
98 x 62 x 33 mm
100 x 64 x 33 mm
Year
2008
2005




Choose cameras to compare

vs

Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Panasonic LZ10 diagonal

The diagonal of LZ10 sensor is not 1/2.33 or 0.43" (10.9 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.6 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.08 mm
h = 4.56 mm
Diagonal =  6.08² + 4.56²   = 7.60 mm

Panasonic LZ1 diagonal

The diagonal of LZ1 sensor is not 1/2.5 or 0.4" (10.2 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.19 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 5.75 mm
h = 4.32 mm
Diagonal =  5.75² + 4.32²   = 7.19 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

LZ10 sensor area

Width = 6.08 mm
Height = 4.56 mm

Surface area = 6.08 × 4.56 = 27.72 mm²

LZ1 sensor area

Width = 5.75 mm
Height = 4.32 mm

Surface area = 5.75 × 4.32 = 24.84 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

LZ10 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.08 mm
Sensor resolution width = 3665 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.08  × 1000  = 1.66 µm
3665

LZ1 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 5.75 mm
Sensor resolution width = 2306 pixels
Pixel pitch =   5.75  × 1000  = 2.49 µm
2306


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

LZ10 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.66 µm

Pixel area = 1.66² = 2.76 µm²

LZ1 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 2.49 µm

Pixel area = 2.49² = 6.2 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

LZ10 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 3665 pixels
Sensor width = 0.608 cm

Pixel density = (3665 / 0.608)² / 1000000 = 36.34 MP/cm²

LZ1 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 2306 pixels
Sensor width = 0.575 cm

Pixel density = (2306 / 0.575)² / 1000000 = 16.08 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

LZ10 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.08 mm
Sensor height = 4.56 mm
Effective megapixels = 10.10
r = 6.08/4.56 = 1.33
X =  10.10 × 1000000  = 2756
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 2756 × 1.33 = 3665
Resolution vertical: X = 2756

Sensor resolution = 3665 x 2756

LZ1 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 5.75 mm
Sensor height = 4.32 mm
Effective megapixels = 4.00
r = 5.75/4.32 = 1.33
X =  4.00 × 1000000  = 1734
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 1734 × 1.33 = 2306
Resolution vertical: X = 1734

Sensor resolution = 2306 x 1734


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


LZ10 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.60 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.69
7.60

LZ1 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.19 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 6.02
7.19

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

LZ10 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.69
Aperture = f3.3 - f5.9

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f3.3 - f5.9) × 5.69 = f18.8 - f33.6

LZ1 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 6.02
Aperture = f2.8 - f4.5

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.8 - f4.5) × 6.02 = f16.9 - f27.1

Enter your screen size (diagonal)

My screen size is  inches



Actual size is currently adjusted to screen.

If your screen (phone, tablet, or monitor) is not in diagonal, then the actual size of a sensor won't be shown correctly.