Pentax 645D vs. Pentax K-5 II

Comparison

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645D image
vs
K-5 II image
Pentax 645D Pentax K-5 II
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Megapixels
40.00
16.30
Max. image resolution
7264 x 5440
4928 x 3264

Sensor

Sensor type
CCD
CMOS
Sensor size
44 x 33 mm
23.7 x 15.7 mm
Sensor resolution
7294 x 5484
4962 x 3286
Diagonal
55.00 mm
28.43 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
3.9 : 1
(ratio)
Pentax 645D Pentax K-5 II
Surface area:
1452.00 mm² vs 372.09 mm²
Difference: 1079.91 mm² (290%)
645D sensor is approx. 3.9x bigger than K-5 II sensor.
Note: You are comparing cameras of different generations. There is a 2 year gap between Pentax 645D (2010) and Pentax K-5 II (2012). All things being equal, newer sensor generations generally outperform the older.
Pixel pitch
6.03 µm
4.78 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 1.25 µm (26%)
Pixel pitch of 645D is approx. 26% higher than pixel pitch of K-5 II.
Pixel area
36.36 µm²
22.85 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 13.51 µm² (59%)
A pixel on Pentax 645D sensor is approx. 59% bigger than a pixel on Pentax K-5 II.
Pixel density
2.75 MP/cm²
4.38 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 1.63 µm (59%)
Pentax K-5 II has approx. 59% higher pixel density than Pentax 645D.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Pentax 645D
Pentax K-5 II
Crop factor
0.79
1.52
Total megapixels
40.10
16.90
Effective megapixels
40.00
16.30
Optical zoom
Digital zoom
No
No
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 200 - 1600
Auto, 100 to 12800, in 1, 1/2, 1/3 EV steps (80 to 51200 Extended)
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
Macro focus range
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
Aperture priority
Yes
Yes
Max. aperture
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
n/a
n/a
Metering
Centre weighted, Multi-segment, Spot
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Exposure compensation
±5 EV (in 1/3 EV, 1/2 EV, 1 EV steps)
±5 EV (in 1/3 EV, 1/2 EV steps)
Shutter priority
Yes
Yes
Min. shutter speed
30 sec
30 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/4000 sec
1/8000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
Optical (pentaprism)
Optical (pentaprism)
White balance presets
8
9
Screen size
3"
3"
Screen resolution
921,000 dots
921,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
Storage types
SDHC, Secure Digital
SD/SDHC/SDXC
USB
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
Lithium-Ion D-LI90 rechargeable battery
Lithium-Ion D-LI90P rechargeable battery
Weight
1400 g
760 g
Dimensions
156 x 117 x 119 mm
131 x 97 x 73 mm
Year
2010
2012




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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Pentax 645D diagonal

w = 44.00 mm
h = 33.00 mm
Diagonal =  44.00² + 33.00²   = 55.00 mm

Pentax K-5 II diagonal

w = 23.70 mm
h = 15.70 mm
Diagonal =  23.70² + 15.70²   = 28.43 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

645D sensor area

Width = 44.00 mm
Height = 33.00 mm

Surface area = 44.00 × 33.00 = 1452.00 mm²

K-5 II sensor area

Width = 23.70 mm
Height = 15.70 mm

Surface area = 23.70 × 15.70 = 372.09 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

645D pixel pitch

Sensor width = 44.00 mm
Sensor resolution width = 7294 pixels
Pixel pitch =   44.00  × 1000  = 6.03 µm
7294

K-5 II pixel pitch

Sensor width = 23.70 mm
Sensor resolution width = 4962 pixels
Pixel pitch =   23.70  × 1000  = 4.78 µm
4962


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

645D pixel area

Pixel pitch = 6.03 µm

Pixel area = 6.03² = 36.36 µm²

K-5 II pixel area

Pixel pitch = 4.78 µm

Pixel area = 4.78² = 22.85 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

645D pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 7294 pixels
Sensor width = 4.4 cm

Pixel density = (7294 / 4.4)² / 1000000 = 2.75 MP/cm²

K-5 II pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 4962 pixels
Sensor width = 2.37 cm

Pixel density = (4962 / 2.37)² / 1000000 = 4.38 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

645D sensor resolution

Sensor width = 44.00 mm
Sensor height = 33.00 mm
Effective megapixels = 40.00
r = 44.00/33.00 = 1.33
X =  40.00 × 1000000  = 5484
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 5484 × 1.33 = 7294
Resolution vertical: X = 5484

Sensor resolution = 7294 x 5484

K-5 II sensor resolution

Sensor width = 23.70 mm
Sensor height = 15.70 mm
Effective megapixels = 16.30
r = 23.70/15.70 = 1.51
X =  16.30 × 1000000  = 3286
1.51
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3286 × 1.51 = 4962
Resolution vertical: X = 3286

Sensor resolution = 4962 x 3286


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


645D crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 55.00 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 0.79
55.00

K-5 II crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 28.43 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1.52
28.43

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

645D equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Pentax 645D, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Crop factor for Pentax 645D is 0.79

K-5 II equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Pentax K-5 II, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Crop factor for Pentax K-5 II is 1.52

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