Sony Cyber-shot DSC-H10 vs. Sony Cyber-shot DSC-H5

Comparison

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Cyber-shot DSC-H10 image
vs
Cyber-shot DSC-H5 image
Sony Cyber-shot DSC-H10 Sony Cyber-shot DSC-H5
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Megapixels
8.30
7.20
Max. image resolution
3264 x 2448
3072 x 2304

Sensor

Sensor type
CCD
CCD
Sensor size
1/2.5" (~ 5.75 x 4.32 mm)
1/2.5" (~ 5.75 x 4.32 mm)
Sensor resolution
3322 x 2498
3095 x 2327
Diagonal
7.19 mm
7.19 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
1 : 1
(ratio)
Sony Cyber-shot DSC-H10 Sony Cyber-shot DSC-H5
Surface area:
24.84 mm² vs 24.84 mm²
Difference: 0 mm² (0%)
H10 and H5 sensors are the same size.
Note: You are comparing cameras of different generations. There is a 2 year gap between Sony H10 (2008) and Sony H5 (2006). All things being equal, newer sensor generations generally outperform the older.
Pixel pitch
1.73 µm
1.86 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 0.13 µm (8%)
Pixel pitch of H5 is approx. 8% higher than pixel pitch of H10.
Pixel area
2.99 µm²
3.46 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 0.47 µm² (16%)
A pixel on Sony H5 sensor is approx. 16% bigger than a pixel on Sony H10.
Pixel density
33.38 MP/cm²
28.97 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 4.41 µm (15%)
Sony H10 has approx. 15% higher pixel density than Sony H5.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Sony H10
Sony H5
Crop factor
6.02
6.02
Total megapixels
Effective megapixels
Optical zoom
10x
12x
Digital zoom
Yes
Yes
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 80, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600, 3200
Auto, 80, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1000
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
50 cm
50 cm
Macro focus range
2 cm
2 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
38 - 380 mm
36 - 432 mm
Aperture priority
Yes
Yes
Max. aperture
f3.5 - f4.4
f2.8 - f8.0
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f21.1 - f26.5
f16.9 - f48.2
Metering
49-zone Multi-pattern, Centre weighted, Spot
Centre weighted, Multi-pattern, Spot
Exposure compensation
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
Yes
Yes
Min. shutter speed
30 sec
30 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/2000 sec
1/1000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
None
Electronic
White balance presets
7
7
Screen size
3"
3"
Screen resolution
230,000 dots
230,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
Storage types
Memory Stick Duo, Memory Stick Pro Duo
Memory Stick Duo, Memory Stick Pro Duo
USB
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
Lithium-Ion (NP-BG1)
AA (2) batteries (NiMH rechargables included)
Weight
381 g
591 g
Dimensions
106 x 68 x 49 mm
107.8 x 81.4 x 91.2 mm
Year
2008
2006




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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Sony H10 diagonal

The diagonal of H10 sensor is not 1/2.5 or 0.4" (10.2 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.19 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 5.75 mm
h = 4.32 mm
Diagonal =  5.75² + 4.32²   = 7.19 mm

Sony H5 diagonal

The diagonal of H5 sensor is not 1/2.5 or 0.4" (10.2 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.19 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 5.75 mm
h = 4.32 mm
Diagonal =  5.75² + 4.32²   = 7.19 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

H10 sensor area

Width = 5.75 mm
Height = 4.32 mm

Surface area = 5.75 × 4.32 = 24.84 mm²

H5 sensor area

Width = 5.75 mm
Height = 4.32 mm

Surface area = 5.75 × 4.32 = 24.84 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

H10 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 5.75 mm
Sensor resolution width = 3322 pixels
Pixel pitch =   5.75  × 1000  = 1.73 µm
3322

H5 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 5.75 mm
Sensor resolution width = 3095 pixels
Pixel pitch =   5.75  × 1000  = 1.86 µm
3095


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

H10 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.73 µm

Pixel area = 1.73² = 2.99 µm²

H5 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.86 µm

Pixel area = 1.86² = 3.46 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

H10 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 3322 pixels
Sensor width = 0.575 cm

Pixel density = (3322 / 0.575)² / 1000000 = 33.38 MP/cm²

H5 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 3095 pixels
Sensor width = 0.575 cm

Pixel density = (3095 / 0.575)² / 1000000 = 28.97 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

H10 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 5.75 mm
Sensor height = 4.32 mm
Effective megapixels = 8.30
r = 5.75/4.32 = 1.33
X =  8.30 × 1000000  = 2498
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 2498 × 1.33 = 3322
Resolution vertical: X = 2498

Sensor resolution = 3322 x 2498

H5 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 5.75 mm
Sensor height = 4.32 mm
Effective megapixels = 7.20
r = 5.75/4.32 = 1.33
X =  7.20 × 1000000  = 2327
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 2327 × 1.33 = 3095
Resolution vertical: X = 2327

Sensor resolution = 3095 x 2327


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


H10 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.19 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 6.02
7.19

H5 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.19 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 6.02
7.19

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

H10 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 6.02
Aperture = f3.5 - f4.4

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f3.5 - f4.4) × 6.02 = f21.1 - f26.5

H5 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 6.02
Aperture = f2.8 - f8.0

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.8 - f8.0) × 6.02 = f16.9 - f48.2

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