Yakumo CamMaster SD 432 vs. Kodak DC200

Comparison

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CamMaster SD 432 image
vs
DC200 image
Yakumo CamMaster SD 432 Kodak DC200
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Megapixels
3.20
0.90
Max. image resolution
2048 x 1536
1152 x 864

Sensor

Sensor type
CCD
CCD
Sensor size
1/2.7" (~ 5.33 x 4 mm)
1/1.76" (~ 7.27 x 5.46 mm)
Sensor resolution
2063 x 1551
1095 x 823
Diagonal
6.66 mm
9.09 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

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vs
1 : 1.86
(ratio)
Yakumo CamMaster SD 432 Kodak DC200
Surface area:
21.32 mm² vs 39.69 mm²
Difference: 18.37 mm² (86%)
DC200 sensor is approx. 1.86x bigger than CamMaster SD 432 sensor.
Note: You are comparing sensors of very different generations. There is a gap of 6 years between Yakumo CamMaster SD 432 (2004) and Kodak DC200 (1998). Six years is a lot of time in terms of technology, meaning newer sensors are overall much more efficient than the older ones.
Pixel pitch
2.58 µm
6.64 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 4.06 µm (157%)
Pixel pitch of DC200 is approx. 157% higher than pixel pitch of CamMaster SD 432.
Pixel area
6.66 µm²
44.09 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 37.43 µm² (562%)
A pixel on Kodak DC200 sensor is approx. 562% bigger than a pixel on Yakumo CamMaster SD 432.
Pixel density
14.98 MP/cm²
2.27 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 12.71 µm (560%)
Yakumo CamMaster SD 432 has approx. 560% higher pixel density than Kodak DC200.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Yakumo CamMaster SD 432
Kodak DC200
Crop factor
6.5
4.76
Total megapixels
1.00
Effective megapixels
0.90
Optical zoom
No
1x
Digital zoom
Yes
No
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 100, 200, 400
140
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
10 cm
70 cm
Macro focus range
10 cm
20 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
39 mm
Aperture priority
No
No
Max. aperture
f2.8
f4.0 - f4.8
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f18.2
f19 - f22.8
Metering
Centre weighted
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Exposure compensation
±2 EV (in 1/2 EV steps)
±2 EV (in 1/2 EV steps)
Shutter priority
No
No
Min. shutter speed
2 sec
1/2 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/1500 sec
1/362 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
Optical
Optical (tunnel)
White balance presets
5
5
Screen size
1.8"
1.8"
Screen resolution
61,600 dots
72,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
Storage types
MultiMedia, Secure Digital
Compact Flash
USB
USB 1.1
USB 1.0
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
4x AA
AA (4) batteries (NiMH recommended)
Weight
200 g
400 g
Dimensions
121 x 71 x 45 mm
131 x 47 x 81 mm
Year
2004
1998




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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Yakumo CamMaster SD 432 diagonal

The diagonal of CamMaster SD 432 sensor is not 1/2.7 or 0.37" (9.4 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 6.66 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 5.33 mm
h = 4.00 mm
Diagonal =  5.33² + 4.00²   = 6.66 mm

Kodak DC200 diagonal

The diagonal of DC200 sensor is not 1/1.76 or 0.57" (14.4 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 9.09 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 7.27 mm
h = 5.46 mm
Diagonal =  7.27² + 5.46²   = 9.09 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

CamMaster SD 432 sensor area

Width = 5.33 mm
Height = 4.00 mm

Surface area = 5.33 × 4.00 = 21.32 mm²

DC200 sensor area

Width = 7.27 mm
Height = 5.46 mm

Surface area = 7.27 × 5.46 = 39.69 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

CamMaster SD 432 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 5.33 mm
Sensor resolution width = 2063 pixels
Pixel pitch =   5.33  × 1000  = 2.58 µm
2063

DC200 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 7.27 mm
Sensor resolution width = 1095 pixels
Pixel pitch =   7.27  × 1000  = 6.64 µm
1095


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

CamMaster SD 432 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 2.58 µm

Pixel area = 2.58² = 6.66 µm²

DC200 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 6.64 µm

Pixel area = 6.64² = 44.09 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

CamMaster SD 432 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 2063 pixels
Sensor width = 0.533 cm

Pixel density = (2063 / 0.533)² / 1000000 = 14.98 MP/cm²

DC200 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 1095 pixels
Sensor width = 0.727 cm

Pixel density = (1095 / 0.727)² / 1000000 = 2.27 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

CamMaster SD 432 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 5.33 mm
Sensor height = 4.00 mm
Effective megapixels = 3.20
r = 5.33/4.00 = 1.33
X =  3.20 × 1000000  = 1551
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 1551 × 1.33 = 2063
Resolution vertical: X = 1551

Sensor resolution = 2063 x 1551

DC200 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 7.27 mm
Sensor height = 5.46 mm
Effective megapixels = 0.90
r = 7.27/5.46 = 1.33
X =  0.90 × 1000000  = 823
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 823 × 1.33 = 1095
Resolution vertical: X = 823

Sensor resolution = 1095 x 823


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


CamMaster SD 432 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 6.66 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 6.5
6.66

DC200 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 9.09 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 4.76
9.09

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

CamMaster SD 432 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 6.5
Aperture = f2.8

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.8) × 6.5 = f18.2

DC200 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 4.76
Aperture = f4.0 - f4.8

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f4.0 - f4.8) × 4.76 = f19 - f22.8

More comparisons of Yakumo CamMaster SD 432:

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