Casio Exilim EXZS12
Specs
Brand:  Casio 
Model:  Exilim EXZS12 
Megapixels:  16.10 
Sensor:  1/2.3" (~ 6.16 x 4.62 mm) 
Price:  check here » 
Sensor info
Casio ZS12 comes with a
1/2.3" (~ 6.16 x 4.62 mm) CCD sensor, which has a diagonal of
7.70 mm (0.3") and a surface area of
28.46 mm².
If you want to know about the accuracy of these numbers,
click here.
Actual sensor size
Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
This is the actual size of the ZS12 sensor: ~6.16 x 4.62 mm
The sensor has a surface area of 28.5 mm².
There are approx. 16,100,000 photosites (pixels) on this area.
Pixel pitch, which is a measure of the distance between pixels, is 1.33 µm.
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next.
Pixel or photosite area is 1.77 µm². The larger the photosite, the more light it can capture and the more information can be recorded.
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor. Casio ZS12 has a pixel density of 56.42 MP/cm².
These numbers are important in terms of assessing the overall quality of a digital camera. Generally, the bigger (and newer) the sensor, pixel pitch and photosite area, and the smaller the pixel density, the better the camera. If you want to see how ZS12 compares to other cameras, click here.
Pixel or photosite area is 1.77 µm². The larger the photosite, the more light it can capture and the more information can be recorded.
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor. Casio ZS12 has a pixel density of 56.42 MP/cm².
These numbers are important in terms of assessing the overall quality of a digital camera. Generally, the bigger (and newer) the sensor, pixel pitch and photosite area, and the smaller the pixel density, the better the camera. If you want to see how ZS12 compares to other cameras, click here.
Specifications
Brand:  Casio 
Model:  Exilim EXZS12 
Megapixels:  16.10 
Sensor size:  1/2.3" (~ 6.16 x 4.62 mm) 
Sensor type:  CCD 
Sensor resolution:  4627 x 3479 
Max. image resolution:  4608 x 3456 
Crop factor:  5.62 
Optical zoom:  12.5x 
Digital zoom:  Yes 
ISO:  Auto 
RAW support:  
Manual focus:  
Normal focus range:  50 cm 
Macro focus range:  1 cm 
Focal length (35mm equiv.):  24  300 mm 
Aperture priority:  No 
Max aperture:  f3.0  f5.9 
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.):  f16.9  f33.2 
Depth of field:  simulate → 
Metering:  Multi, Centerweighted, Spot 
Exposure Compensation:  ±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps) 
Shutter priority:  No 
Min. shutter speed:  15 sec 
Max. shutter speed:  1/2000 sec 
Builtin flash:  
External flash:  
Viewfinder:  None 
White balance presets:  6 
Screen size:  2.7" 
Screen resolution:  230,000 dots 
Video capture:  
Storage types:  SDHC, Secure Digital 
USB:  USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec) 
HDMI:  
Wireless:  
GPS:  
Battery:  Lithiumion NP130 rechargeable battery 
Weight:  205 g 
Dimensions:  105 x 59 x 29 mm 
Year:  2012 
Compare ZS12 with another camera
Popular comparisons:
 Casio Exilim EXZS12 vs. Sony Alpha a6500
 Casio Exilim EXZS12 vs. Casio Exilim EXZS150
 Casio Exilim EXZS12 vs. Sony Alpha a5100
 Casio Exilim EXZS12 vs. Casio Exilim EXS1
 Casio Exilim EXZS12 vs. Casio Exilim EXZR700
 Casio Exilim EXZS12 vs. Casio Exilim EXZR1100
 Casio Exilim EXZS12 vs. Casio Exilim EXN5
 Casio Exilim EXZS12 vs. Casio Exilim EXZR15
 Casio Exilim EXZS12 vs. Casio Exilim EXFR10
 Casio Exilim EXZS12 vs. Samsung NX30
 Casio Exilim EXZS12 vs. Nikon Coolpix S2700
Diagonal
The diagonal of ZS12 sensor is not 1/2.3 or 0.43" (11 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of
that value  0.3" (7.7 mm). If you want to know why, see
sensor sizes.
Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height
Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal = √  w² + h² 
Casio ZS12 diagonal:
w = 6.16 mm
h = 4.62 mm
h = 4.62 mm
Diagonal = √  6.16² + 4.62²  = 7.70 mm 
Surface area
Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.
Width = 6.16 mm
Height = 4.62 mm
Surface area = 6.16 × 4.62 = 28.46 mm²
Width = 6.16 mm
Height = 4.62 mm
Surface area = 6.16 × 4.62 = 28.46 mm²
Pixel pitch
Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the
next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =  sensor width in mm  × 1000 
sensor resolution width in pixels 
Casio ZS12 pixel pitch:
Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor resolution width = 4627 pixels
Sensor resolution width = 4627 pixels
Pixel pitch =  6.16  × 1000  = 1.33 µm 
4627 
Pixel area
The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²
You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =  sensor surface area in mm² 
effective megapixels 
Casio ZS12 pixel area:
Pixel pitch = 1.33 µm
Pixel area = 1.33² = 1.77 µm²
Pixel area = 1.33² = 1.77 µm²
Pixel density
Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
You could also use this formula:
Pixel density = (  sensor resolution width in pixels  )² / 1000000 
sensor width in cm 
You could also use this formula:
Pixel density =  effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000 
sensor surface area in mm² 
Casio ZS12 pixel density:
Sensor resolution width = 4627 pixels
Sensor width = 0.616 cm
Pixel density = (4627 / 0.616)² / 1000000 = 56.42 MP/cm²
Sensor width = 0.616 cm
Pixel density = (4627 / 0.616)² / 1000000 = 56.42 MP/cm²
Sensor resolution
Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher
than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications.
Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula.
For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.
1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.
2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:
Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X
1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.
2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000 → 

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X
Casio Exilim EXZS12 sensor resolution:
Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor height = 4.62 mm
Effective megapixels = 16.10
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3479 × 1.33 = 4627
Resolution vertical: X = 3479
Sensor resolution = 4627 x 3479
Sensor height = 4.62 mm
Effective megapixels = 16.10
r = 6.16/4.62 = 1.33 

Resolution vertical: X = 3479
Sensor resolution = 4627 x 3479
Crop factor
Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal
of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =  43.27 mm 
sensor diagonal in mm 
Casio ZS12 crop factor:
Sensor diagonal = 7.70 mm
Crop factor =  43.27  = 5.62 
7.70 
35 mm equivalent aperture
Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture
with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).
Casio Exilim EXZS12 equivalent aperture:
Crop factor = 5.62
Aperture = f3.0  f5.9
35mm equivalent aperture = (f3.0  f5.9) × 5.62 = f16.9  f33.2
Aperture = f3.0  f5.9
35mm equivalent aperture = (f3.0  f5.9) × 5.62 = f16.9  f33.2
Enter your screen size (diagonal)
My screen size is
inches
Actual size is currently adjusted to screen.
If your screen (phone, tablet, or monitor) is not in diagonal, then the actual size of a sensor won't be shown correctly.
If your screen (phone, tablet, or monitor) is not in diagonal, then the actual size of a sensor won't be shown correctly.