Nikon Z50


Brand: Nikon
Model: Z50
Megapixels: 20.90
Sensor: 23.5 x 15.7 mm
Price: check here »

Sensor info

Nikon Z50 comes with a 23.5 x 15.7 mm CMOS sensor, which has a diagonal of 28.26 mm (1.11") and a surface area of 368.95 mm².
28.26 mm
Surface area
369 mm²
Pixel pitch
4.2 µm
Pixel area
17.64 µm²
Pixel density
5.68 MP/cm²
If you want to know about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
This is the actual size of the Z50 sensor: 23.5 x 15.7 mm
The sensor has a surface area of 369 mm². There are approx. 20,900,000 photosites (pixels) on this area. Pixel pitch, which is a measure of the distance between pixels, is 4.2 µm. Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next.

Pixel or photosite area is 17.64 µm². The larger the photosite, the more light it can capture and the more information can be recorded.

Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor. Nikon Z50 has a pixel density of 5.68 MP/cm².

These numbers are important in terms of assessing the overall quality of a digital camera. Generally, the bigger (and newer) the sensor, pixel pitch and photosite area, and the smaller the pixel density, the better the camera. If you want to see how Z50 compares to other cameras, click here.


Brand: Nikon
Model: Z50
Effective megapixels: 20.90
Total megapixels: 21.51
Sensor size: 23.5 x 15.7 mm
Sensor type: CMOS
Sensor resolution: 5600 x 3733
Max. image resolution: 5568 x 3712
Crop factor: 1.53
Optical zoom:
Digital zoom:
ISO: Auto, 100-51200 (expandable to 204,800)
RAW support:
Manual focus:
Normal focus range:
Macro focus range:
Focal length (35mm equiv.):
Aperture priority: Yes
Max aperture:
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.): n/a
Depth of field: simulate →
Metering: Multi, Center-weighted, Highlight-weighted, Spot
Exposure Compensation: ±5 EV (in 1/3 EV, 1/2 EV steps)
Shutter priority: Yes
Min. shutter speed: 30 sec
Max. shutter speed: 1/4000 sec
Built-in flash:
External flash:
Viewfinder: Electronic
White balance presets: 8
Screen size: 3.2"
Screen resolution: 1,036,800 dots
Video capture:
Max. video resolution: 3840x2160 (30p/​25p/​24p)
Storage types: SD/SDHC/SDXC
USB: USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
Battery: EN-EL25 lithium-ion battery
Weight: 450 g
Dimensions: 126.5 x 93.5 x 60 mm
Year: 2019

Compare Z50 with another camera



Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Nikon Z50 diagonal:

w = 23.50 mm
h = 15.70 mm
Diagonal =  23.50² + 15.70²   = 28.26 mm

Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

Width = 23.50 mm
Height = 15.70 mm

Surface area = 23.50 × 15.70 = 368.95 mm²

Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

Nikon Z50 pixel pitch:

Sensor width = 23.50 mm
Sensor resolution width = 5600 pixels
Pixel pitch =   23.50  × 1000  = 4.2 µm

Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

Nikon Z50 pixel area:

Pixel pitch = 4.2 µm

Pixel area = 4.2² = 17.64 µm²

Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

You could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

Nikon Z50 pixel density:

Sensor resolution width = 5600 pixels
Sensor width = 2.35 cm

Pixel density = (5600 / 2.35)² / 1000000 = 5.68 MP/cm²

Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

Nikon Z50 sensor resolution:

Sensor width = 23.50 mm
Sensor height = 15.70 mm
Effective megapixels = 20.90
r = 23.50/15.70 = 1.5
X =  20.90 × 1000000  = 3733
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3733 × 1.5 = 5600
Resolution vertical: X = 3733

Sensor resolution = 5600 x 3733

Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm

Nikon Z50 crop factor:

Sensor diagonal = 28.26 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1.53

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

Nikon Z50 equivalent aperture:

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Nikon Z50, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Crop factor for Nikon Z50 is 1.53

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