Pentax X5
Specs
Brand:  Pentax 
Model:  X5 
Megapixels:  16.00 
Sensor:  1/2.33" (~ 6.08 x 4.56 mm) 
Price:  check here » 
Sensor info
Pentax X5 comes with a
1/2.33" (~ 6.08 x 4.56 mm) CMOS sensor, which has a diagonal of
7.60 mm (0.3") and a surface area of
27.72 mm².
If you want to know about the accuracy of these numbers,
click here.
Actual sensor size
Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
This is the actual size of the X5 sensor: ~6.08 x 4.56 mm
The sensor has a surface area of 27.7 mm².
There are approx. 16,000,000 photosites (pixels) on this area.
Pixel pitch, which is a measure of the distance between pixels, is 1.32 µm.
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next.
Pixel or photosite area is 1.74 µm². The larger the photosite, the more light it can capture and the more information can be recorded.
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor. Pentax X5 has a pixel density of 57.54 MP/cm².
These numbers are important in terms of assessing the overall quality of a digital camera. Generally, the bigger (and newer) the sensor, pixel pitch and photosite area, and the smaller the pixel density, the better the camera. If you want to see how X5 compares to other cameras, click here.
Pixel or photosite area is 1.74 µm². The larger the photosite, the more light it can capture and the more information can be recorded.
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor. Pentax X5 has a pixel density of 57.54 MP/cm².
These numbers are important in terms of assessing the overall quality of a digital camera. Generally, the bigger (and newer) the sensor, pixel pitch and photosite area, and the smaller the pixel density, the better the camera. If you want to see how X5 compares to other cameras, click here.
Specifications
Brand:  Pentax 
Model:  X5 
Effective megapixels:  16.00 
Total megapixels:  16.37 
Sensor size:  1/2.33" (~ 6.08 x 4.56 mm) 
Sensor type:  CMOS 
Sensor resolution:  4612 x 3468 
Max. image resolution:  4608 x 3456 
Crop factor:  5.69 
Optical zoom:  26x 
Digital zoom:  Yes 
ISO:  Auto, 100, 200, 400,800, 1600, 3200, 6400 
RAW support:  
Manual focus:  
Normal focus range:  40 cm 
Macro focus range:  1 cm 
Focal length (35mm equiv.):  22.3  580 mm 
Aperture priority:  Yes 
Max aperture:  f3.1  f5.9 
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.):  f17.6  f33.6 
Depth of field:  simulate → 
Metering:  Multi, Centerweighted, Spot 
Exposure Compensation:  ±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps) 
Shutter priority:  Yes 
Min. shutter speed:  4 sec 
Max. shutter speed:  1/1500 sec 
Builtin flash:  
External flash:  
Viewfinder:  Electronic 
White balance presets:  8 
Screen size:  3" 
Screen resolution:  460,000 dots 
Video capture:  
Storage types:  SD/SDHC/SDXC 
USB:  USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec) 
HDMI:  
Wireless:  
GPS:  
Battery:  4 x AA batteries (Alkaline, Lithium, Nickel and Rechargeable NiMH) 
Weight:  595 g 
Dimensions:  119 x 86 x 107 mm 
Year:  2012 
Compare X5 with another camera
Popular comparisons:
 Pentax X5 vs. Nikon Coolpix L820
 Pentax X5 vs. Fujifilm FinePix S4200
 Pentax X5 vs. Nikon Coolpix L810
 Pentax X5 vs. Nikon Coolpix P510
 Pentax X5 vs. Fujifilm FinePix S4800
 Pentax X5 vs. Fujifilm FinePix S2980
 Pentax X5 vs. Canon PowerShot SX50 HS
 Pentax X5 vs. Panasonic Lumix DMCFZ200
 Pentax X5 vs. Fujifilm FinePix S4500
 Pentax X5 vs. Pentax Q
 Pentax X5 vs. BenQ GH700
Diagonal
The diagonal of X5 sensor is not 1/2.33 or 0.43" (10.9 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of
that value  0.3" (7.6 mm). If you want to know why, see
sensor sizes.
Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height
Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal = √  w² + h² 
Pentax X5 diagonal:
w = 6.08 mm
h = 4.56 mm
h = 4.56 mm
Diagonal = √  6.08² + 4.56²  = 7.60 mm 
Surface area
Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.
Width = 6.08 mm
Height = 4.56 mm
Surface area = 6.08 × 4.56 = 27.72 mm²
Width = 6.08 mm
Height = 4.56 mm
Surface area = 6.08 × 4.56 = 27.72 mm²
Pixel pitch
Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the
next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =  sensor width in mm  × 1000 
sensor resolution width in pixels 
Pentax X5 pixel pitch:
Sensor width = 6.08 mm
Sensor resolution width = 4612 pixels
Sensor resolution width = 4612 pixels
Pixel pitch =  6.08  × 1000  = 1.32 µm 
4612 
Pixel area
The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²
You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =  sensor surface area in mm² 
effective megapixels 
Pentax X5 pixel area:
Pixel pitch = 1.32 µm
Pixel area = 1.32² = 1.74 µm²
Pixel area = 1.32² = 1.74 µm²
Pixel density
Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
You could also use this formula:
Pixel density = (  sensor resolution width in pixels  )² / 1000000 
sensor width in cm 
You could also use this formula:
Pixel density =  effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000 
sensor surface area in mm² 
Pentax X5 pixel density:
Sensor resolution width = 4612 pixels
Sensor width = 0.608 cm
Pixel density = (4612 / 0.608)² / 1000000 = 57.54 MP/cm²
Sensor width = 0.608 cm
Pixel density = (4612 / 0.608)² / 1000000 = 57.54 MP/cm²
Sensor resolution
Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher
than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications.
Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula.
For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.
1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.
2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:
Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X
1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.
2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000 → 

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X
Pentax X5 sensor resolution:
Sensor width = 6.08 mm
Sensor height = 4.56 mm
Effective megapixels = 16.00
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3468 × 1.33 = 4612
Resolution vertical: X = 3468
Sensor resolution = 4612 x 3468
Sensor height = 4.56 mm
Effective megapixels = 16.00
r = 6.08/4.56 = 1.33 

Resolution vertical: X = 3468
Sensor resolution = 4612 x 3468
Crop factor
Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal
of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =  43.27 mm 
sensor diagonal in mm 
Pentax X5 crop factor:
Sensor diagonal = 7.60 mm
Crop factor =  43.27  = 5.69 
7.60 
35 mm equivalent aperture
Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture
with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).
Pentax X5 equivalent aperture:
Crop factor = 5.69
Aperture = f3.1  f5.9
35mm equivalent aperture = (f3.1  f5.9) × 5.69 = f17.6  f33.6
Aperture = f3.1  f5.9
35mm equivalent aperture = (f3.1  f5.9) × 5.69 = f17.6  f33.6
Enter your screen size (diagonal)
My screen size is
inches
Actual size is currently adjusted to screen.
If your screen (phone, tablet, or monitor) is not in diagonal, then the actual size of a sensor won't be shown correctly.
If your screen (phone, tablet, or monitor) is not in diagonal, then the actual size of a sensor won't be shown correctly.
More comparisons of Pentax X5:
 Pentax X5 vs. Panasonic Lumix DMCFZ150
 Pentax X5 vs. Fujifilm FinePix S8200
 Pentax X5 vs. Sony Cybershot DSCHX200V
 Pentax X5 vs. Fujifilm FinePix HS30 EXR
 Pentax X5 vs. Fujifilm FinePix SL300
 Pentax X5 vs. Nikon Coolpix L320
 Pentax X5 vs. Fujifilm FinePix S8300
 Pentax X5 vs. Canon PowerShot SX160 IS
 Pentax X5 vs. Sony Cybershot DSCHX300
 Pentax X5 vs. Nikon Coolpix P500